Brazil

Dr Bernardino Figueiredo, berna@ige.unicamp.br, Institute of Geosciences, Univ. of Campinas, PO Box 6152, 13083-970 Campinas, Brazil
Cassio Silva, cassio.silva@cprm.gov.br, Geological Survey of Brazil, Av. Pasteur, 404 22,292,040, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil .

 

2012

Report on some of the Chapter’s academic activities in 2012:
1) Technical Session STC7 – Medical Geology, Oct. 1st, 2012, in the 46th Brazilian Geological Congress, Santos, Oct 31 – Nov 5, 2012
Conveners: Bernardino Ribeiro Figueiredo (University of Campinas and Federal University of Western Para) and Thomas Ferreira da Costa Campos (Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte)
Invited lecturer: Peter Bossew - German Federal Office for Radiation Protection – The European Radon Map-ping Project.
(This kind of event is being promoted in the Brazilian Geological Congresses since 2002)

2) Short Course on Medical Geology
Graduate Program on Geosciences – Federal University of Pernambuco – UFPE – Nov 5-8, 2012
Instructors: Bernardino Ribeiro Figueiredo – Geologist - UNICAMP/UFOPA
Eduardo Mello De Capitani – Medical Doctor - UNICAMP
3) Publications
Da Silva, Cássio Roberto; Mello, Edson Farias; De Almeida, Cícera Neysi, 2012. A proposal for geological risk assessment on environmental health in mining areas. Revista Brasileira de Geociências, vol 42(2): 303-322 (In Portuguese).
Di Giulio, Gabriela Marques.; Figueiredo, Bernardino Ribeiro; Ferreira, Lucia Costa; Macnaghten, Phillip; Manay, Nelly.; Dos Anjos, Jose Angelo, 2012. Participative Risk Communication as an important tool in Medical Geology studies, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, June On line at:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/aip/03756742
Oliveira, Patricia Lopes; Figueiredo, Bernandino Ribeiro; Cardoso, Arnaldo Alves ,2011. Atmospheric pollut-ants in São Paulo state, Brazil and effects on human health – a review. Geochimica Brasiliensis, vol 25 (1), pdf on line at http://www.geobrasiliensis.org.br/ojs/index.php/geobrasiliensis/issue/current
Di Giulio, Gabriela Marques 2012 Risk, Environment and Health – a debate on risk communication and gov-ernance in contaminated areas, Annablume Publishing, FAPESP Ed., 390 p. (In Portuguese).

 

The Brazil Chapter is very active and has 18 members, mainly environmental scientists. The Chapter is led by Dr Bernardino Figueiredo (University of Campinas) and Dr Cassio Silva (Geological Survey of Brazil). Re-cently Dr Figueiredo has been working and travelling between Campinas (UNICAMP) University and San-tarém a new university in the Amazon.
In September 2010, during the 45th Brazilian Geological Congress (Belém, Pará State), a short course on Medical Geology was run by Bernardino Figueiredo and Eduardo De Capitani. At the same congress, a Sym-posium on Medical Geology was held and Dr Geoffrey Plumlee (USGS) was the key note speaker.
In 2011 a number of Brazilian students, academics and professionals attended the 4th International Conference on Medical Geology in Bari. During the conference, Dr Cassio Silva announced the English translated edition of the book "Medical Geology in Brazil" published in 2006 (In Portuguese). In addition, Dr Silva was invited as a lecturer to the Brazilian Congress of Pathology.
In 2012, Dr Silva will be attending the 9th International Environmental Geochemistry Symposium in Aveiro, Portugal and presenting the work "Assessment of exposure to chemical elements through the consumption of waters and vegetables for a group of patients on routine dialysis"
At the 2012 Brazilian Geological Congress, to be held in Santos (São Paulo State) in October, Bernardino Fi-gueiredo and Dr Thomas Campos will chair the Scientific-Technical Session on Medical Geology by invitation of the organizers.
Furthermore, the National Research Program in Environmental Geochemistry and Medical Geology, running in the Geological Service of Brazil-CPRM, started in 2003 with the objective of evaluating the nationwide chemical composition of the bedrock, soils and surface waters and groundwater in order to provide a multi-user dataset and information to search for new mineral deposits, natural fertility for agriculture, natural sources of contamination and anthropogenic chemicals considered harmful to human health, animals and plants. It is aimed also be a database of analytical results and will be posted on the website (www.cprm.gov.br); constitut-ing a milestone for environmental monitoring studies in the country. This project represents a pioneering ini-tiative in Brazil and was structured according to the criteria of the International Geochemical Mapping - IGCP-259 and Global Geochemical Baselines projects of the IUGS-IAGC. During the Project activities between 2003 and March 2012 approximately 30,542 samples of surface water and of drinking water, stream sediments and soils in the states of Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo, Goiás, Holy Spirit, Rio de Janeiro, Para, Ceara, Pernambuco, Paraiba, Sergipe and Roraima were collected, covering a land area of 2,540,000km2; 30% of Brazilian territory. Field surveys were completed in the states of Pernambuco, Ceara, Minas Gerais,
Espirito Santo and Rio de Janeiro. In those states, studies are at the stage of data processing and preparation of state analytical geochemical atlases. Preliminary results delimit areas of known mineralization, potential areas for mineral exploration, macro and micro nutrients for agriculture, as well as areas with anthropogenic interfer-ence liable to generate environmental health problems, especially in densely populated regions. From the sec-ond half of 2012, it is expected to intensify the geochemical survey in the Amazon region in order to increase geochemical knowledge in this area.

 

2008

The IMGA Local Chapter in Brazil was established in 2008.

Contact: Dr. Bernardino Figueiredo, Institute of Geosciences, Univ. of Campinas, PO Box 6152, 13083-970 Campinas, Bra-zil.
berna@ige.unicamp.br
Joint Leader: Dr. Cassio Silva, Geological Survey of Brazil, Av. Pasteur, 404 22,292,040, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
cassio@rj.cprm.gov.br

Geologia Médica no Brasil

Medical geology in Brazil - effect of geologica materials and factors on human health and enironment

2007. Editors: C.R. da Silva, B.R. Figueiredo, E.M. De Capitan, F.G. da Cunha  
Springer Science+Business Media

South America: PGAGEM
Website: www.cprm.gov.br

The Nattional Research Program in Environmental Geochemistry and Medical Geology (Programa Nacional de Pesquisa em Geoquimica Ambiental e Geologia Medica - PGAGEM), coordinated by Servico Geologico do Brasil - CPRM (Brazil Geological Service - CPRM), through the Departamento de Gestão Territorial (Territorial Management Department), subordinated to Diretoria de Hidrologia e Gestão Territorial (Hydrology and Territorial Management Board of Directors) was created as a multinstitutional, interdisciplinary and multiuse results program. It was elaborated by researchers of the Servico Geologico do Brasil - CPRM (Brazil Geological Service - CPRM), Universidade de Campinas - UNICAMP (Campinas University), Universidade do Estado de São Paulo - USP (São Paulo State University), Universidade Federal do Estado do Para - UFPA (Federal University of the State of Para), Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL (Londrina State University), Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto - UFOP (Federal University of Ouro Preto), Minerais do Parana - MINEROPAR (Parana Minerals), Instituto Evandro Chagas (Evandro Chagas Institute), Instituto Adolfo Lutz (Adolfo Lutz Institute), Escola Nacional de Saude Publica - ENSP (National School of Public Health), FIOCRUZ and Empresa Brasileira de Agropecuåria - EMBRAPA (Brazilian Agency of Agricultural Research -Soils).

Contact:
Dr. Cássio Roberto da Silva
cassio@rj.cprm.gov.br

 

2011

The Brazil Chapter is very active and has 10 members, mainly environmental scientists. The Chapter is led by Dr. Bernardino Figueiredo (University of Campinas) and Dr. Cassio Silva (Geological Survey of Brazil). The Chapter is based on the former UNICAMP Chapter and it has recently organised one short course and several lectures at scientific meetings and universities.